HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus which, as its identify implies, assaults the physique's immune system. HIV will be lethal over time if not handled appropriately.
HIV particularly assaults cells in an individual's immune system. As these cells deteriorate, the particular person turns into extra weak to sure infections. When an individual is discovered to have HIV, they’re known as being "HIV optimistic". HIV is a virus that stays inside an individual's physique by means of their life and needs to be handled constantly. With out applicable care and medical consideration, HIV can flip lethal.
Individuals typically mistake HIV for AIDS as a result of each infect an individual's immune system. Nonetheless, there’s a nice distinction between having HIV and having AIDS.
When HIV has weakened an individual's immune system over time, an individual could also be recognized with AIDS. AIDS is normally recognized when an individual's CD4 rely (white blood cells) goes under 200. At that time, the immune system is so severely broken that the particular person is required to take antiretroviral remedy.
It could actually take normally ten or extra years for HIV to break the immune system lengthy sufficient for it to be thought-about AIDS. With out remedy, nevertheless, the virus can unfold and harm the physique way more quickly. AIDS will be considered a extra subtle and lethal type of HIV.
With a view to deal with HIV earlier than it results in AIDS, an individual has to know whether or not or not they really have HIV. To do that, one has to change into knowledgeable of simply how HIV is discovered contained in the physique. Docs haven’t any means of detecting HIV by means of signs alone like they do with regular infections. It’s because HIV signs are just like signs in different ailments. This makes it onerous to pinpoint whether or not a affected person has HIV or not.
Luckily, now there are exams now that may detect if an individual has HIV. An HIV take a look at normally checks whether or not or not there are antibodies in your blood or every other fluid in your physique, just like the saliva. An individual who has HIV will normally have antibodies which might be very distinctive. Which means that an individual with HIV won’t have the identical antibodies as a standard particular person has. The physique will produce completely different sorts of antibodies.
There are numerous varieties of exams to examine for HIV within the physique of a affected person.
The ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) take a look at contains oral fluid, blood and urine samples and will be completed by a specialist or in a clinic.
This type of take a look at can detect particular antibodies weeks after changing into contaminated with HIV. The time between an infection and the precise take a look at will be wherever between 2 to 12 weeks. The outcomes of an ELISA take a look at are given to the particular person in tough every week. This may give the particular person time to achieve as a lot info as doable about HIV contagion.
There’s a fast solution to take a look at for HIV nevertheless. The Fast HIV take a look at, as it’s known as, exams the antibody rely within the blood stream by pricking the finger of a affected person with a needle and taking the small blood pattern for examination. This take a look at is normally completed in a clinic. The outcomes are sometimes obtainable 20 to 30 minutes after the take a look at. Nonetheless, a second take a look at, just like the Western Blot, is critical to confirm the outcomes.
The Western blot is the commonest take a look at completed on sufferers to confirm whether or not they’re actually HIV optimistic or not. The Western blot makes use of electrophoresis in a laboratory to detect for HIV and is simply completed for secondary affirmation functions because it requires a excessive stage of technical ability.
Utilizing these exams, docs can detect whether or not or not somebody has HIV or not.
It is vital for individuals to do not forget that HIV can unfold by means of physique fluids. The virus can solely infect somebody if the HIV-infected fluids of 1 particular person enter the bloodstream of the opposite. Because of this, the hazard of unprotected intercourse is taught at colleges and universities alike, as a result of this info may save lives.
Ultimately, if you happen to or somebody you understand thinks they’ve contracted HIV, go to a clinic to be able to do some testing and confirm whether or not you actually are HIV optimistic or not.