Heart disease in the United States is a very serious issue. In 2007, it was the number one cause of death, not only in the United States, but in England, Canada, and Wales as well. Statistics indicate that one person dies every 34 seconds from a cardiovascular problem. Heart disease is a bladder term and includes coronary disease, cardiomyopathy, cardiovascular maladies, organ failure, and inflammatory problems, among other types.
In the United States, statistics estimate 451,000 people die of coronary heart disease. This illness refers to the failure of coronary circulation, resulting in irregular circulation and blood flow to the heart and surrounding muscles. Cardiomyopathy references the deterioration of the muscle in cardiac region. Patients who suffer from cardiomyopathy are at increased risk for an arrhythmia and sudden death from heart failure. Cardiovascular diseases include problems such as atherosclerosis, which affects the blood vessels through the accumulation of plaques and fat deposits. Congestive heart failure is another serious problem, where the organ fails to adequately pump a sufficient amount of blood in the body. Finally, inflammatory diseases involve increasing the tissue within and surrounding the cardiac muscle.
According to the American Heart Association, unchangeable risk factors for the development of heart disease include increasing age (over the age of 65), male sex, and heredit factors, including race. Children of parents with problems are more likely to develop some form of illness, as well as African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians, and some Asian Americans. Some risk factors are controllable and therefore avoidable by choosing a certain lifestyle. Tobacco smoke, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, physical inactivity, obesity, and diabetes mellitus can all contribute to the development of heart disease. Other possible issues include stress response and alcohol intake. Finally, the use of certain diet drugs, such as Fen-phen or Redux, can trigger primary pulmonary hypertension, an illness which causes cardiac valve damage.
Symptoms of heart disease include shortness of breath, palpitations, weakness, dizziness, sweating, and chest pain. Heart attacks, or myocardial infarctions, have symptoms such as a choking feeling, heartburn, extreme weakness or anxiety, sweating, nausea, discomfort in the back of the arm, jaw, back, or throat, and discomfort, pain, or heaviness in the heart.